The soil, as the primary resource for food production and the most important tool for every farmer, is crucial for farming. Successful farming begins with the quality soil, which provides water and essential nutrients to the crops. Rich and healthy soil, combined with the appropriate amount of water and sunlight can significantly contribute to global food production.
Proper soil management protects and enhances soil performance. It also reduces input costs, prevents pollution and improves yields and crop quality. Before planting, the soil should be in the best physical condition for the crop, to encourage rapid and successful root growth. Every farm and crop have different soil requirements, but there are a few common practices that could encourage healthy soil biology.
It has a major role in soil management practices carried out before planting. Organic matter improves soil structure, enhances water and nutrient holding capacity, protects the soil from erosion and compaction, and supports a healthy community of soil organisms.
Conventional tillage is full-width tillage which disturbs the whole soil structure and includes various tillage operations before and after crop planting. On the other hand, the reduced and no-till tillage systems minimize soil disturbance and maintains a high level of surface residue.
Without fertile and nutrient enriched soil, farmer’s efforts in farming would be futile. As a person involved in the food production process, a farmer needs to understand soil requirements and to follow good practices before planting. In addition to these five main practices, Agrivi software can also help farmers to get the best out of their fields. With Agrivi, farmers can plan their crop rotation, keep soil analysis records and follow all their tasks, including tillage, fertilization, pest protection and irrigation. The software also guides you on how to prepare the soil for planting by giving you best practice processes in the form of tasks for over 80 different crops, for all types of production.
To prepare your soil for planting, use these five good practices together with Agrivi software!