Organic farming is a form of agriculture based on natural, nonsynthetic, input usage. It is an ecological production management system that promotes and enhances biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity.
Organic farmers use practice that restore, maintain and enhance soil and ecosystem health. They strongly follow principles in food production, by using materials which can be reused or recycled, micro-organisms and plants and animals to enhance soil flora and fauna. The main goal of following organic practices is to maintain and increase soil fertility, with minimum environmental pollution.
Organic farming strictly prohibits the use of artificial fertilizers, pesticides and genetically modified (GM) crops. Shortly, organic farming promotes a less toxic environment for all living things, makes harmony with the surrounding environment and organically produced food often taste better and have even higher level of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals than conventional.
To produce such food and improve soil fertility, organic farming relies on techniques such as crop rotation, green manure, compost, mulch, reduced or no tillage and biological pest control. Crop rotation includes rotating of different crops on the same surface thus enhancing soil properties and microorganisms activity.
No matter which farming type farmers practice, they need to fight with various pests – insects, nematodes, fungi, bacteria and weeds. Following organic techniques, they can lean on predators, pesticides of animal and plant origin, insect traps, pest-repelling plants and proper sanitization of the entire farm. Weed management promotes suppression using mulching, organic or plastic foil, mowing, cutting top growth of weeds and tillage.
Since everything in an organic farm is preferred to be natural, organic farming also encourages the use of domestic animals to increase sustainability of the farm.
Although organic farming has many regulations and restrictions, farmers still need to track their activities on fields. To facilitate them record keeping and to have all in one place, Agrivi farm management software helps farmers track organic materials, work hours and finances spent on their farm. Based on entered data, Agrivi allows them also to track complete farm’s productivity and profitability.
So, make your organic farming easier – use Agrivi.