Over the next several decades, the world faces an historic challenge and opportunity at the nexus of food security, economic development, and the environment. The world needs to be food secure, needs agriculture to contribute to inclusive economic development and needs to reduce agriculture’s impact on the environment.
CROP YIELD GROWTH
By 2030, global food demand is expected to rise by 35%. The vast majority of additional food will need to come from increases in the yield achieved, or reductions in food waste.
By 2030, the global economy could double in size, and India and China will swell to represent around 40% of global middle-class consumption, up from less than 10% in 2010. This will significantly alter the composition of global diets.
NET CEREALS TRADE (DEVELOPING COUNTRIES)
The global economy could double, yet developing countries will rely even more heavily on food imports (14% of total consumption) and be exposed to import price surges above the 10-60% price increases already expected (based on 2000 levels).
Global water demand will increase more than 50%, with agriculture alone requiring more than what can be sustained to feed the world even before domestic and industrial needs are met.