Imagine a global temperature rise of 2-3°C over the next 50 years. While this may not sound like much, it has the potential for serious impacts – severe drops in crop yields could leave hundreds of millions without food, and up 40 percent of species could face extinction.
Unfortunately, there’re more scientific results which confirm the existence of climate changes caused by global warming. Drought, floods, hail, extremely high or low temperatures are already causing disruptions in the global food supply, by reducing the production potential. High temperatures drastically affect the yield of most important agricultural crops, and thus on the food independence of each country. With each disorder in the global food market, food prices for final consumers grow. Farmers, on the other hand, generate less income and become economically vulnerable. Appears stronger need for rapid adjustment in farm management. Agricultural map of the world will have to rapidly change.
The main way of fighting with this source of risk is a technological breakthrough in the form of development of varieties and breeds more tolerant to adverse climatic conditions and diseases. Through biotechnology, crops can thrive in the harsh growing conditions influenced by climate change.
Plant science researchers are developing: